Read together, 'seika' (精華), the characters mean 'essence/quintessence.' Side A (with the cross) is a pentacle from The Clavicules de Solomon (manuscript No. To the left is the Tetragrammaton (four letter name of God, YHWH), written backwards.248, Bibliotheque de l'Arsenal) meant to "force the spirits of Venus to obey and to compel any woman whatever to come in a moment." Around the circle, the Latin reads: "Hoc est enim os de ossibus meis et caro de carne mea, et erunt duo en carne una" (Genesis , 24 "This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh . The other signs seem to be names in reversed letters as well.Copyright 2005 - 2017 Coin Community Family- all rights reserved worldwide.Use of any images or content on this website without prior written permission of Coin Community or the original lender is strictly prohibited.For a more comprehensive list of links to Japan-related sites, be sure to visit my Japan-related links page.In my opinion, any time is a good time to travel to Japan.
Some of these foreign coins can be really tricky as I am finding out while going through my collection.
In response to several requests, I have now added a page of places to see that I would recommend for first-time travelers.
This is not by any means meant to be a complete list but it might give you an idea of where to start.
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For historians who lived in ancient Rome, see Roman historiography.